The Effects of Land Cover and Land Use Change on the Contemporary Carbon Balance of the Arctic and Boreal Terrestrial Ecosystems of Northern Eurasia

TitleThe Effects of Land Cover and Land Use Change on the Contemporary Carbon Balance of the Arctic and Boreal Terrestrial Ecosystems of Northern Eurasia
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBurnside, T.J., Melillo Jerry M., Hayes Daniel J., A. McGuire David, and Kicklighter David W.
Series EditorGutman, Garik, and Reissell Anni
Number of Pages109 - 136
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
CityDordrecht
ISBN Number978-90-481-9118-5
Keywordscarbon balance, Eurasia, land cover, land use, terrestrial ecosystems
Abstract

Recent changes in climate, disturbance regimes and land use and management systems in Northern Eurasia have the potential to disrupt the terrestrial sink of atmospheric CO2 in a way that accelerates global climate change. To determine the recent trends in the carbon balance of the arctic and boreal ecosystems of this region, we performed a retrospective analysis of terrestrial carbon dynamics across northern Eurasia over a recent 10-year period using a terrestrial biogeochemical process model. The results of the simulations suggest a shift in direction of the net flux from the terrestrial sink of earlier decades to a net source on the order of 45 Tg C year-1 between 1997 and 2006. The simulation framework and subsequent analyses presented in this study attribute this shift to a large loss of carbon from boreal forest ecosystems, which experienced a trend of decreasing precipitation and a large area burned during this time period.

DOI10.1007/978-90-481-9118-5_6