Assessing climate change projections over the Northeast

Project Leader: 
Research Partners: 
Jonathan Winter (Darmouth College); S.A. Anandhi (Kansas State University, affiliated with NYCDEP)
Project Fellows: 
Status: 
Ongoing
Science Themes: 

Using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) and CMIP3 data, we are developing a range of projections for the Eastern U.S.  We are also developing extreme event projections for stakeholder-relevant metrics (e.g., days over 90 °F, days below 32 °F, and days with over 1 inch of precipitation) based on CMIP5 models and North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) dynamical downscaling.  We are also evaluating the performance of these models over historical time periods. Current research thrusts include emphasis on extreme heat stress (heat plus humidity) events and the relationship between extreme minimum temperatures and Southern Pine Beetle range expansion in the Northeast U.S.  

We are finding that small changes in average conditions are associate with large changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme events.  We are also finding large biases in the NARRCAP regional climate model simulations of historical conditions.

This project will provide ensemble-based climate change projections with uncertainty for various climate impacts research.

Publications: 
Presentations: 
  • "Extreme Temperatures and their Mechanisms in NARCCAP Simulations" presentation on dynamical downscaling work given at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting in San Francisco in December 2012.
  • Meetings: Climate Science Day, Washington, DC, February 2013, J. Winter

  • North Atlantic LCC webinar, August 7, 2014

  • Presentation By R. Horton on combined effects of high temperatures and high humidity in the Northeast US at American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, at 5pm on December 19th, 2014.

  • Ethan Coffel, "Global exposure to heat stress in the 21st century." American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, December 14-18, 2015.

  • Ethan Coffel, "Economic impacts of more frequent weight restriction on the aviation industry." American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana. January 10-14, 2016.
  • Rapid rise in exposure to heat stress in the 21st century, NSCE Conference, Washington, D.C. January 25, 2017
  • The Impacts of Climate Change on Land Conservation and Restoration: Economic Policy Advances in Adaptation and Mitigation, NAREA Workshop, June 13-14, 2017.​

Other: 
  • Product: Draft Climate Risk information reports for New York City and New York State

  • New York Times: Too Hot to Fly? Climate Change May Take a Toll on Air Travel
  • The aviation paper received some of the highest levels of coverage of any paper this year, appearing in the New York Times, Washington Post and more than 500 other outlets.  We also conducted extensive TV and radio interviews, including CNN, for example.​