A reconnaissance study distinguishes coastal areas of the northeastern U.S. (approx. Virginia to Maine) that will experience an inundation-dominated response to sea-level rise from those that will respond dynamically due to physical and bio-physical sedimentation and erosion processes. Areas that will be dominated by inundation include urban regions of intense development and/or coastal engineering, as well as bedrock coasts. Areas that will respond dynamically include beaches, unconsolidated cliffs, barrier islands, and wetlands. Distinguishing which processes are relevant to sea-level rise impacts in these areas aids prioritization of scientific research and decision support efforts.
Also see Dr. Robert Thieler's A Research and Decision Support Framework to Evaluate Sea-level Rise Impacts in the Northeastern U.S.
Tools and Products
- Gornitz, V. , Oppenheimer, M. , Kopp, R. , Orton, P. , Buchanan, M. , Lin, N. , Horton, R. and Bader, D. (2019), New York City Panel on Climate Change 2019 Report Chapter 3: Sea Level Rise. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1439: 71-94. doi:10.1111/nyas.14006
- Hall, J. A., Weaver, C. P., Obeysekera, J., Crowell, M., Horton, R. M., Kopp, R. E., Veatch, W. C. (2019). Rising sea levels: Helping decision-makers confront the inevitable. Coastal Management, 1-24.
- Garner, A. J., Weiss, J. L., Parris, A., Kopp, R. E., Horton, R. M., Overpeck, J. T., & Horton, B. P. (2018). Evolution of 21st century sea level rise projections. Earth's Future, 6(11), 1603-1615.
- Lentz, E. E., Thieler, E. R., Plant, N. G., Stippa, S. R., Horton, R. M., & Gesch, D. B. (2016). Evaluation of dynamic coastal response to sea-level rise modifies inundation likelihood. Nature Climate Change.
- Horton, R. , Little, C. , Gornitz, V. , Bader, D. and Oppenheimer, M. (2015), New York City Panel on Climate Change 2015 Report Chapter 2: Sea Level Rise and Coastal Storms. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1336: 36-44. doi:10.1111/nyas.12593
- Lentz, E.E., Stippa, S.R., Thieler, E.R., Plant, N.G., Gesch, D.B., and Horton, R.M., 2015, Evaluating coastal landscape response to sea-level rise in the northeastern United States—Approach and methods: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014–1252, 26 p., doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141252.
- Little, C.M., R.M. Horton, R.E. Kopp, M. Oppenheimer, and S. Yip, 2015: Uncertainty in Twenty-First-Century CMIP5 Sea Level Projections. J. Climate, 28, 838–852, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00453.1
- Little, C. M., Horton, R. M., Kopp, R. E., Oppenheimer, M., Vecchi, G. A., & Villarini, G. (2015). Joint projections of US East Coast sea level and storm surge. Nature Climate Change.
- Kopp, R. E., Horton, R. M., Little, C. M., Mitrovica, J. X., Oppenheimer, M. , Rasmussen, D. J., Strauss, B. H. and Tebaldi, C. (2014), Probabilistic 21st and 22nd century sea‐level projections at a global network of tide‐gauge sites. Earth's Future, 2: 383-406. doi:10.1002/2014EF000239
- R. Horton. "Tipping Points and Surprises" USGCRP Webinar on the Climate Science Special Report, August 2, 2018
- R. Horton. "Sea Level Rise and Other Extreme Events", ACCL Law Event, NY, NY, April 27, 2018
- R. Thieler, E. Lentz, R. Horton. American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting in San Fransisco, CA, December 15, 2014.
- R. Thieler, R. Horton. American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting in San Francisco, CA, December 15, 2014.
- R. Horton. University of Colorado in Boulder on March 5, 2014.
- R. Horton. UNAVCO conference in Bloomfield, CO, March 4, 2014.
- R. Horton. Hurricane Sandy Task Force Resilience Incentive Prize Workshop, NY, NY, May 8, 2013.
- R. Horton. USGS-NPS Strategic Sciences Group Meeting on Hurricane Sandy, NJ, March 2013.
- Research-informed tool: NOAA Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding Impacts Viewer
- Research-informed tool: USACE Sea-Level Change calculator