Climate change is causing species to shift their phenology, or the timing of recurring life events such as migration and reproduction, in variable and complex ways. This can potentially result in mismatches or asynchronies in food and habitat resources that negatively impact individual fitness, population dynamics, and ecosystem function. Numerous studies have evaluated phenological shifts in terrestrial species, particularly birds and plants, yet far fewer evaluations have been conducted for marine animals. This project seeks to improve our understanding of shifts in the timing of seasonal migration, spawning or breeding, and biological development (i.e. life stages present, dominant) of coastal fishes, marine mammals,and migratory shore and seabirds along the U.S Atlantic coast. Ideally the suite of species selected will allow us to compare whether fish, marine mammals, shore and seabird predators are shifting their phenology at different rates than their primary prey and optimal habitat conditions, thus influencing trophic interactions and population dynamics. A comprehensive literature review will be conducted simultaneous to data collection and synthesis to determine what is known, and what knowledge/information/data gaps exist regarding regional phenological responses of coastal species to climate change. Project results will help managers assess the vulnerability of coastal species to climate change by providing information on how they are responding to impacts in the region.
Progress on the RARGOM GoM synthesis paper was made over the past quarter. Multiple sections have been streamlined and advancements on the final sections of the paper (implications), figures and tables.
- Karen E. Alexander, William B. Leavenworth, Theodore V. Willis, Carolyn Hall, Steven Mattocks, Steven M. Bittner, Emily Klein, Michelle Staudinger, Alexander Bryan, Julianne Rosset, Benjamin H. Carr, Adrian Jordaan. 2017. Tambora and the mackerel year: Phenology and fisheries during an extreme climate event. Science Advances.18 Jan, 2017
- Staudinger, MD, K. Alexander, and A. Jordaan. Ecological and management implications of climate change induced shifts in phenology of coastal fish and wildlife species in the Northeast region. Southern New England Chapter of the AFS January 27, 2015. Poster
- Staudinger, MD, K. Alexander, and A. Jordaan. Ecological and management implications of climate change induced shifts in phenology of coastal fish and wildlife species in the Northeast. American Fisheries Society Meeting, August 17, 2015. Poster
- Jordaan, A., M. Staudinger, and K. Alexander. Ecological and management implications of climate change induced shifts in phenology of coastal fish and wildlife species in the Northeast region. RARGOM Annual Science Meeting, Portsmouth, NH, October 14, 2015
- Staudinger, M.D., A. Davis, M. Devine, L. Deegan, and A. Jordaan. Climate change induced shifts in migration timing of adult alewife (Alosa psuedoherengus) in Massachusetts natal streams. AFS Annual Meeting, Tampa FL, August 2017. Oral presentation.
- News: Secretary Jewell Announces new Wildlife and Cilmate Studies at the NE CSC. December 18, 2014.
- News: Climate Change Impacts on Marine Species of Conservation Concern March 10, 2016
- UMass Undergraduate Intern, Sam Stettiner, recieved accolades for "Ecological and management implications of climate change induced shifts in phenology of alewife" in the UMass Amherst Libraries Undergraduate Sustainability Research Awards, March 12, 2016.
- News: Puffin Cams are Live on Seal Island, Maine! June 14, 2016
- News: Notes From the Field: Don’t Count All Your Eggs Until They Hatch July 14, 2016
- News: How the Timing of Physical and Biological Processes are Changing in the Gulf of Maine August 10, 2016